The Ottoman Empire – the last Islamic Caliphate prior to the current one claimed by ISIS leader Abu Bakr al Baghdadi – was established at the end of the thirteenth century, and was not dissolved until the early 1920’s.
The last sitting Caliph to issue a fatwa – Islamic legal ruling – was Mehmed V who ruled from April 1909 to July 1918. Regarding the obligation of muslims to fight against Western nations in World War I, the fatwa – “Proclamation of a Holy War” dated November 15, 1914 – read, in part:
Question: “Those who, at a time when all Moslems are summoned to fight, avoid the struggle and refuse to join in the Holy War, are they exposed to the wrath of God, to great misfortunes, and to the deserved punishment?”
In Islam, it is obligatory for muslims to obey sharia (Islamic Law). The only legal definition of “jihad” in sharia is “warfare to establish the religion” and, therefore, cannot be evaded when the requirements of the law call for it.
Mehmed V was simply stating what all muslims should have known, and the fatwa also makes clear muslims who die in battle are sure to be martyrs and go to paradise.
Nothing new today – just a lot more muslims abiding by the sharia.
The Germans asked the sultan to declare a jihad, but only against Britain, France & Russia. They figured that uprisings in the colonies would take pressure off the western front. It did – until the British were able to get the Shariff of Mecca to declare a rival Jihad against Germany and the Ottomans. “History” calls it The Arab Revolt (think Lawrence of Arabia), obscuring the reality of dueling Jihads. It was just another European war until Germany did this. Spreading the war into the colonies is what made it a “world war”. BTW, the sultan found it “problematic” to declare a Jihad against only a few infidels…his jurists had to make that work “legally” before he would do it. Read about it here:
The Free World must unite to destroy both Islam and Red China. Both are evil entities which threaten the existence of the Free World. Amen.
Mehmed V, the 35th and penultimate Sultan of the Ottoman Empire reigned as the Caliph of Islam from 1909 to 1918 whereupon he was succeeded by his half-brother, Mehmed VI, the 36th and last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, who reigned as the Caliph of Islam until 1922; when the Ottoman Sultanate ceased to exist (though the Caliphate survived until 1924).
Therefore, since Ibrahim Awad Ibrahim al-Badri, alias Abu Bakr al Baghdadi of ISIS, wasn’t born until 1971, and has a twenty-five million dollar price on his head, his high-profile claim to the global Islamic Movement’s ultimate-power position of Caliph is preposterous; furthermore, inasmuch as the President of Turkey is reported to have announced a fervent hope to become the next Caliph of Islam, Badri, alias Baghdadi, would be well advised to either start spending most of his time in a subterranean basement, or solve the enigma Josif Dzhugashvili aka “Stalin” rhetorically posed upon learning that Il Papa aka the Pope, planned to bring freedom to Poland, I.e. “how many tank divisions does the Pope Have?”.
The declaration of jihad against allied forces in WW-!, issued by Mehmed V on 14 November 1914 (who was personally alleged to have looked with disdain on the Ottoman Empire’s pro-German policy) was the last genuine fatwa ever issued by a Caliph of Islam.
[…] By John Guandolo Originally published in Understanding the Threat (UTT) on May 18, 2017 […]